By Vladimir Pacheco Cueva
This e-book seeks to complement the growing to be literature on mine legacies through analyzing a case examine of a small deserted mine in Latin the US. utilizing a mix of swift Rural Appraisal and secondary resource research, this learn assessed the most destructive legacies of the San Sebastian mine in jap El Salvador, in comparison the country’s mine closure laws opposed to world’s most sensible perform criteria and supplied options for information, prevention and remediation.
The such a lot destructive legacy to the surroundings is that of Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) illness of the neighborhood river. The influence of AMD is felt well past the mining district and the prices of prevention and remediation have been discovered to be major. except environmental legacies, the mine additionally left a few socio-economic legacies together with: restricted entry to non-polluted water that leads to San Sebastian citizens devoting a excessive share in their source of revenue in acquiring water, misplaced possibilities as a result cessation of mining, doubtful land tenure scenario and extending development of ASGM actions that exacerbate already current environmental pollutants as a result of use of mercury. The examine additionally discovered that the state’s ability to make sure compliance with the legislation is particularly susceptible and that during many vital respects the country’s present felony framework doesn't meet world’s top perform in terms of mine closure requirements.
The findings are very important simply because they display that the inability of closure making plans may end up in deepest operators socializing the prices of pollutants. The research additionally exhibits that the shortcoming of nation capability can result in extractive tasks changing into socio-economic liabilities within the lengthy term.
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Additional info for An Assessment of Mine Legacies and How to Prevent Them: A Case Study from Latin America
An individual is entitled to ﬁnd out about taxes paid at the Departmental level but the government will not provide information about taxes paid by individual companies. The information provided here is therefore based on taxes paid by the mining industry in the Departments of La Union and San Miguel, knowing that CGC was the only mining company operating in those departments. 17 From 2000 the royalty rate was reduced to 2% and according to the current mining law, half of that must be directed to the municipality in which the mine is located.
Like many other towns in El Salvador, many of San Sebastian’s residents have opted to leave the district in search of better opportunities elsewhere. Most of the artisanal miners live either in San Sebastian or they travel from adjacent districts to work at the mine. 21 The total number of shareholders is not clear and varies according to source. In the interviews some ex-workers declared that the Minsanse started with 90 workers, each owning 4 shares and the (then) owner of the mine keeping 90 shares.
The other household is a “low” level consumption rural household. The consumption levels for this household are based on some of the interviews during the RRA and national household consumption data. The list below shows the estimates: San Sebastian Low Level Consumption Household (LLCH). A. Drinking water, 1 lt (5% of total) B. Cooking 1 lt (5% of total) C. Bathing 10 lt (50% of total) D. Washing utensils and clothes 3 lt (15%) E. Toilet use 5 lt (25% of total) Total: 20 lt per person per day.
An Assessment of Mine Legacies and How to Prevent Them: A Case Study from Latin America by Vladimir Pacheco Cueva